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Journal Articles Scientific Reports Year : 2017

Slow waves in locally resonant metamaterials line defect waveguides

Abstract

Many efforts have been devoted to wave slowing, as it is essential, for instance, in analog signal computing and is one prerequisite for increased wave/matter interactions. Despite the interest of many communities, researches have mostly been conducted in optics, where wavelength-scaled structured composite media are promising candidates for compact slow light components. Yet their structural scale prevents them from being transposed to lower frequencies. Here, we propose to overcome this limitation using the deep sub-wavelength scale of locally resonant metamaterials. We experimentally show, in the microwave regime, that introducing coupled resonant defects in such metamaterials creates sub-wavelength waveguides in which wave propagation exhibit reduced group velocities. We qualitatively explain the mechanism underlying this slow wave propagation and demonstrate how it can be used to tune the velocity, achieving group indices as high as 227. We conclude by highlighting the three beneficial consequences of our line defect slow wave waveguides: (1) the sub-wavelength scale making it a compact platform for low frequencies (2) the large group indices that together with the extreme field confinement enables efficient wave/matter interactions and (3) the fact that, contrarily to other approaches, slow wave propagation does not occur at the expense of drastic bandwidth reductions.
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cea-03811636 , version 1 (12-10-2022)

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Nadège Kaina, Alexandre Causier, Yoan Bourlier, Mathias Fink, Thomas Berthelot, et al.. Slow waves in locally resonant metamaterials line defect waveguides. Scientific Reports, 2017, 7 (1), pp.15105. ⟨10.1038/s41598-017-15403-8⟩. ⟨cea-03811636⟩
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