Chemical composition effects of methylene containing polymers on gas emission under γ-irradiation - CEA - Commissariat à l’énergie atomique et aux énergies alternatives Access content directly
Journal Articles Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms Year : 2014

Chemical composition effects of methylene containing polymers on gas emission under γ-irradiation

Abstract

The presence of different chemical groups in methylene containing polymers can lead to very different behaviors under ionizing radiation. To better understand the effect of these groups on gas production under gamma-irradiation, especially on hydrogen formation, and to study the efficiency of energy transfer between chemical groups, several methylene containing polymers with different controlled group concentrations were studied in inert atmosphere. We analyzed the influence of the nature and position of the chemical group using methylene containing copolymers with aliphatic side-chains (different lengths), ester groups in the side-chains (different concentrations) and ester groups in the polymer backbone (different concentrations). Radiation chemical yields of H-2, CO, CO2 and CH4 were determined at room temperature by high resolution mass spectrometry. On the basis of these results, we attempt to obtain a better understanding of the mechanisms involved. It can be observed that crystallinity and aliphatic side-chain have no effect on hydrogen formation. On contrary, esters on side-chain and in the backbone have an important influence on hydrogen formation, with the most important effect when esters groups are in the backbone. In these two kind of materials, energy fraction transferred from methylene to ester groups has been quantified and only 10 wt% (or less) of ester groups are sufficient to protect effectively the aliphatic moiety.
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Dates and versions

cea-01786938 , version 1 (07-05-2018)

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M. Ferry, A. Dannoux-Papin, N. Dély, S. Legand, D. Durand, et al.. Chemical composition effects of methylene containing polymers on gas emission under γ-irradiation. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 2014, 334, pp.69 - 76. ⟨10.1016/j.nimb.2014.05.007⟩. ⟨cea-01786938⟩
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