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Journal Articles Journal of Physical Chemistry C Year : 2021

Tunable Interface of Ruthenium Porphyrins and Silver


The adsorption and monolayer self-assembly of functional metal–organic blocks on solid surfaces are critical for the physico-chemical properties of these low-dimensional materials. Although modern microscopy tools are very sensitive to the lateral arrangement of such blocks, they are still unable to offer directly the complete structural analysis especially for non-planar molecules containing different atoms. Here, we apply a combinatorial approach for the characterization of such interfaces, which enables unexpected insights. An archetypal metalloporphyrin on a catalytically active surface as a function of its molecular coverage and substituent arrangement is characterized by low-energy electron diffraction, scanning probe microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, normal-incidence X-ray standing waves, and density functional theory. We look into Ru tetraphenyl porphyrin (Ru-TPP) on Ag(111), which is also converted into its planarised derivates via surface-assisted cyclodehydrogenation reactions. Depending on the arrangement of the phenyl substituents, the Ru atoms have distinct electronic structures and the porphyrin macrocycles adapt differently to the surface: saddle shape (pristine Ru-TPP) or bowl shape (planarised Ru-TPP derivates). In all cases, the Ru atom resides close to the surface (2.59/2.45 Å), preferably located at hollow sites and in the interface between the plane of the porphyrin macrocycle and the Ag surface. For the more flexible pristine Ru-TPP, we identify an additional self-assembled structure, allowing the molecular density of the self-assembled monolayer to be tuned within ∼20%. This precise analysis is central to harnessing the potential of metalloporphyrin/metal interfaces in functional systems.
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cea-04076117 , version 1 (20-04-2023)



Peter Knecht, Paul Ryan, David Duncan, Li Jiang, Joachim Reichert, et al.. Tunable Interface of Ruthenium Porphyrins and Silver. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2021, 125 (5), pp.3215-3224. ⟨10.1021/acs.jpcc.0c10418⟩. ⟨cea-04076117⟩
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