Separatrix parameters and core performances across WEST L-mode database - CEA - Commissariat à l’énergie atomique et aux énergies alternatives Access content directly
Journal Articles Nuclear Fusion Year : 2023

Separatrix parameters and core performances across WEST L-mode database

O. Grover
  • Function : Author

Abstract

WEST database analysis shows a correlation of the recycled neutral source around the separatrix with core performances. This observation questions the causality chain between particle source and turbulent transport up to the core in L-mode, high recycling plasmas, an unavoidable phase of all scenarios. The best core performances correlate with the lowest values of the density at the separatrix $n_{sep}$, similarly to AUG and JET in H-mode [G. Verdoolaege et al 2021 Nucl. Fusion 61 076006]. Reflectometry in the midplane provides $n_{sep}$, while T_sep is inferred by the ‘two-point model’ using Langmuir Probe data on divertor targets. Lower separatrix resistivity does not correlate with better core performances, unlike H-mode observations [T. Eich et al 2020 Nucl. Fusion 60 056016]. As expected in presence of an efficient neutral source due to recycling fluxes, $n_{sep}$ correlates with the D recycled particle flux at the divertor measured by visible spectroscopy. Coherently, at a given controlled central line integrated density $\bar{n}$, lower $n_{sep}$ correlates with larger density gradient around the separatrix as well as larger global density peaking, $\bar{n}$$\langle$n$\rangle$ measured by interferometry. The later correlates as well with lower collisionality in the core, similarly to JET and AUG H-modes [C. Angioni et al 2007 Nucl. Fusion 47 1326]. The correlations reported allow phrasing the subsequent causality question: What is the interplay chain between low neutral recycling at the divertor plates, low density at the separatrix, high density peaking at the separatrix, high global density peaking, higher central temperature, better core energy confinement quality? The causality chain understanding is essential to prepare ITER operation and design DEMO scenarios where the ratio of the divertor leg to the ionization length will be larger and where the pumping efficiency with respect to the vacuum vessel volume will be weaker with respect to actual operating tokamaks.
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cea-04062711 , version 1 (07-04-2023)

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Clarisse Bourdelle, Jorge Morales, Jean-François Artaud, Tennessee Radenac, Jérôme Bucalossi, et al.. Separatrix parameters and core performances across WEST L-mode database. Nuclear Fusion, 2023, 63 (5), pp.056021. ⟨10.1088/1741-4326/acbfcf⟩. ⟨cea-04062711⟩
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