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Journal Articles Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A Year : 2021

Fossil group origins


Aims. We aim to study how the orbits of galaxies in clusters depend on the prominence of the corresponding central galaxies.Methods. We divided our data set of $\sim$ 100 clusters and groups into four samples based on their magnitude gap between the two brightest members, $\Delta m_{12}$. We then stacked all the systems in each sample in order to create four stacked clusters and derive the mass and velocity anisotropy profiles for the four groups of clusters using the MAMPOSSt procedure. Once the mass profile is known, we also obtain the (non-parametric) velocity anisotropy profile via the inversion of the Jeans equation.Results. In systems with the largest $\Delta m_{12}$, galaxy orbits are generally radial, except near the centre, where orbits are isotropic (or tangential when also the central galaxies are considered in the analysis). In the other three samples with smaller $\Delta m_{12}$, galaxy orbits are isotropic or only mildly radial.Conclusions. Our study supports the results of numerical simulations that identify radial orbits of galaxies as the cause of an increasing $\Delta m_{12}$ in groups.
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cea-03461089 , version 1 (01-12-2021)




S. Zarattini, A. Biviano, J. A. L. Aguerri, M. Girardi, E. D’onghia. Fossil group origins: XI. The dependence of galaxy orbits on the magnitude gap. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, 2021, 655, pp.A103. ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/202038722⟩. ⟨cea-03461089⟩
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