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Journal Articles Journal of Chemical Physics Year : 2020

ABINIT: Overview and focus on selected capabilities


ABINIT is probably the first electronic-structure package to have been released under an open-source license about 20 years ago. It imple- ments density functional theory, density-functional perturbation theory (DFPT), many-body perturbation theory (GW approximation and Bethe–Salpeter equation), and more specific or advanced formalisms, such as dynamical mean-field theory (DMFT) and the “temperature- dependent effective potential” approach for anharmonic effects. Relying on planewaves for the representation of wavefunctions, density, and other space-dependent quantities, with pseudopotentials or projector-augmented waves (PAWs), it is well suited for the study of periodic materials, although nanostructures and molecules can be treated with the supercell technique. The present article starts with a brief descrip- tion of the project, a summary of the theories upon which ABINIT relies, and a list of the associated capabilities. It then focuses on selected capabilities that might not be present in the majority of electronic structure packages either among planewave codes or, in general, treatment of strongly correlated materials using DMFT; materials under finite electric fields; properties at nuclei (electric field gradient, Mössbauer shifts, and orbital magnetization); positron annihilation; Raman intensities and electro-optic effect; and DFPT calculations of response to strain per- turbation (elastic constants and piezoelectricity), spatial dispersion (flexoelectricity), electronic mobility, temperature dependence of the gap, and spin-magnetic-field perturbation. The ABINIT DFPT implementation is very general, including systems with van der Waals interaction or with noncollinear magnetism. Community projects are also described: generation of pseudopotential and PAW datasets, high-throughput calculations (databases of phonon band structure, second-harmonic generation, and GW computations of bandgaps), and the library LIBPAW . ABINIT has strong links with many other software projects that are briefly mentioned.

Dates and versions

cea-02927601 , version 1 (01-09-2020)



Aldo Romero, Xavier Gonze, Fabien Bruneval, Julia Wiktor. ABINIT: Overview and focus on selected capabilities. Journal of Chemical Physics, 2020, 152, pp.124102. ⟨10.1063/1.5144261⟩. ⟨cea-02927601⟩
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