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Journal Articles Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry Year : 2007

Radiological inventory of irradiated graphite samples

Abstract

In France, graphite is present as reflector, moderator or structural element in 9 Gas Cooled Reactors which are now in decommissioning phase. The creation of storage, whose characteristics have to be determined, dedicated to irradiated graphite is planned in France for 2010. Consequently, the radiological inventory of the graphite has to be done. Measurement campaigns already organised on different graphite samples showed discrepancies for the computed calculation-measurement ratio and the necessity to acquire more experimental results was stressed. The ability to realise an experimental radiological inventory, with particular attention to 3H, 14C, 36Cl and 63Ni, was studied. A new mineralization was developed based on an acid attack (iodic+sulfuric acid). This process causes a high gaseous emission and can not be applied to analyses of volatile elements such as 14C, 3H and 36Cl. The routine pyrolysis protocol used to measure these elements in other matrices, was specially adapted to the graphite samples. After these mineralizations, radiochemical steps were conducted in order to separate the different requested radionuclides. The mean yield of the complete separation process was evaluated for each of them and the detection limits were evaluated

Dates and versions

cea-02355777 , version 1 (08-11-2019)

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C. Frechou. Radiological inventory of irradiated graphite samples. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 2007, 273, ⟨10.1007/s10967-007-0930-6⟩. ⟨cea-02355777⟩

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