Many-Body Quantum Electrodynamics Networks: Non-Equilibrium Condensed Matter Physics with Light - CEA - Commissariat à l’énergie atomique et aux énergies alternatives Access content directly
Preprints, Working Papers, ... Year : 2015

Many-Body Quantum Electrodynamics Networks: Non-Equilibrium Condensed Matter Physics with Light

Karyn Le Hur
Loïc Henriet
  • Function : Author
Kirill Plekhanov
Marco Schiró

Abstract

We review recent developments concerning non-equilibrium quantum dynamics and many-body physics with light, in superconducting circuits and Josephson analogues. We start with quantum impurity models summarizing the effect of dissipation and of driving the system. We mention theoretical and experimental efforts to characterize these non-equilibrium quantum systems. We show how Josephson junction systems can implement the equivalent of the Kondo effect with microwave photons. The Kondo effect is characterized by a renormalized light-frequency and a peak in the Rayleigh elastic transmission of a photon. We also address the physics of hybrid systems comprising mesoscopic quantum dot devices coupled to an electromagnetic resonator. Then, we discuss extensions to Quantum Electrodynamics (QED) Networks allowing to engineer the Jaynes-Cummings lattice and Rabi lattice models. This opens the door to novel many-body physics with light out of equilibrium, in relation with the Mott-superfluid transition observed with ultra-cold atoms in optical lattices. Then, we summarize recent theoretical predictions for realizing topological phases with light. Synthetic gauge fields and spin-orbit couplings have been successfully implemented with ultra-cold atoms in optical lattices --- using time-dependent Floquet perturbations periodic in time, for example --- as well as in photonic lattice systems. Finally, we discuss the Josephson effect related to Bose-Hubbard models in ladder and two-dimensional geometries. The Bose-Hubbard model is related to the Jaynes-Cummings lattice model in the large detuning limit between light and matter. In the presence of synthetic gauge fields, we show that Meissner currents subsist in an insulating Mott phase.

Dates and versions

cea-01228030 , version 1 (12-11-2015)

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Karyn Le Hur, Loïc Henriet, Alexandru Petrescu, Kirill Plekhanov, Marco Schiró, et al.. Many-Body Quantum Electrodynamics Networks: Non-Equilibrium Condensed Matter Physics with Light. 2015. ⟨cea-01228030⟩
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