Radiolysis influence on low alloy steel atmospheric corrosion at 80°C - CEA - Commissariat à l’énergie atomique et aux énergies alternatives Access content directly
Conference Papers Year : 2016

Radiolysis influence on low alloy steel atmospheric corrosion at 80°C


The degradation of iron-based materials by atmospheric corrosion is a well-known problem that may have incidence, especially for the storage of radioactive nuclear wastes. It is of importance to evaluate the damages due to this kind of corrosion within long time-periods. One parameter which can influence atmospheric corrosion in the case of storage container is irradiation. As atmospheric corrosion happens when a water film condensates at the surface of a material, radiolysis of this water film in contact with air can have for consequence the formation of acid an oxidizing species which can modify the corrosion process. As a consequence the aim of this work is to evaluate the influence of γ-irradiation on atmospheric corrosion of low alloy steel. In this goal, an experiment, called CASIMIR, has been developed. During this experiment, samples of low alloy steel have been introduced into small stainless steel container. In these ones, two different media has been introduced. The first medium is a small quantity of water in order to fix a relative humidity (RH) of 100 %. The second medium is a melt of KH$_2$PO$_4$/ K$_2$HPO$_4$in a small quantity of water corresponding to a relative humidity of about 70% at the surface of the samples. The small containers have been introduced in a heating system which enables to fix a temperature of 80°C. This system has been installed in an irradiation pool with three $^{60}$Co sources which fix, according to the location of the stainless steel in the system, a dose rate of 80 Gy.h$^{-1}$ or 20 Gy.h$^{-1}$ at the surface of the low alloy steel samples. After six, nine and twelve months of corrosion in these conditions some samples were extracted of the experiment and analyzed by different methods. Gravimetry after desquamation of the corrosion layer enables to measure total corroded thickness in function of RH, dose rate and time. As show on figure 1, after 6 month of exposure, sample aged with a RH of 100% are more corroded than the one aged at 70%. Moreover the dose rate does not have an effect on the corroded thickness for 20 Gy.h$^{-1}$ whereas it increases corrosion when the dose rate is equal to 80 Gy.h$^{-1}$ . This result is confirmed for longer times. Gas analysis after corrosion experiment have shown that for the higher corrosion rate, oxygen was totally consumed after 6 month and reveal also a production of hydrogen. Microscopical observations also confirm the influence of dose rate on atmospheric corrosion. All the results show that dose rate does not influence atmospheric corrosion until a value between 20 and 80 Gy.h$^{-1}$. For a dose rate up to these thresholds, irradiation increase corrosion rate on low alloy steel in presence of high values of relative humilities. 6th International Worksh
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hal-02445722 , version 1 (20-01-2020)


  • HAL Id : hal-02445722 , version 1


S. Perrin, J.M. Lameille, M. Fenart, P. Le Tutour. Radiolysis influence on low alloy steel atmospheric corrosion at 80°C. LTC 9992016 - 6th International Workshop on Long-term Prediction of Corrosion Damage in Nuclear Waste Systems, May 2016, Toronto, Canada. ⟨hal-02445722⟩
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