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Journal Articles Acta Crystallographica Section A : Foundations and Advances [2014-...] Year : 2022

Coherent diffraction imaging at space-group forbidden reflections

Abstract

On one hand, coherent diffraction imaging (CDI) in Bragg geometry has emerged as a unique 3D microscopy of nanocrystals thanks to 3rd generation synchrotron sources. Away from absorption edges and at space-group allowed reflections, it provides not only the electronic density, but also, encoded in the phase, the atomic displacement field with respect to the mean lattice, which in turn reveals crystal strain, defects and domains [1–3]. On the other hand, some crystal structures have crystallographic reflections which are forbidden by the spacegroup symmetry but can ne vertheless be observed at a suitable X-ray absorption edge, due to the anisotropy of the tensor of scattering (ATS) [4]. They are several orders of magnitude weaker than allowed reflections, but the absence of Thomson scattering allows the observation of various electronic phenomena related to electronic orders (magnetic, charge, orbital), as well as static and dynamic atomic displacements. The new generation of synchrotron sources, such as the ESRF “Extremely Bright Source”, opens opportunities to perform CDI on such weak reflections. Here we report on the measurement of the (115) forbidden reflection of a GaN nanopillar at the Ga K edge (Figure 1). Sufficient statistics could be obtained in a total accumulation time of ~30 minutes for an entire rocking curve to retrieve the phase of the scattering function (Figure 2). Such measurement at high temperature would provide an image of the inhomogeneity of thermal motion in the crystal [5], which would be particularly interesting close to surfaces, inversion domain boundaries [3] and crystal defects. This proof-of-principle experiment demonstrates that forbidden reflections are a new opportunity for CDI with the new synchrotron sources.
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Dates and versions

cea-04066306 , version 1 (28-08-2023)

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G. Beutier, J. Eymery, M. Dupraz, M.I. Richard, A. Wartelle, et al.. Coherent diffraction imaging at space-group forbidden reflections. Acta Crystallographica Section A : Foundations and Advances [2014-..], 2022, 78 (a2), pp.e285-e286. ⟨10.1107/S2053273322094372⟩. ⟨cea-04066306⟩
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