cea-00979513
https://cea.hal.science/cea-00979513
arxiv:1402.5049
[CEA] CEA - Commissariat à l'énergie atomique
[CNRS] CNRS - Centre national de la recherche scientifique
[DSM-IPHT] IPHT
[CEA-DRF] Direction de Recherche Fondamentale
[GS-MATHEMATIQUES] Graduate School Mathématiques
[GS-PHYSIQUE] Graduate School Physique
Quark production, Bose-Einstein condensates and thermalization of the quark-gluon plasma
Blaizot, Jean-Paul
Wu, Bin
Yan, Li
[PHYS.HPHE] Physics [physics]/High Energy Physics - Phenomenology [hep-ph]
[PHYS.NUCL] Physics [physics]/Nuclear Theory [nucl-th]
UNDEFINED
In this paper, we study the thermalization of gluons and N_f flavors of massless quarks and antiquarks in a spatially homogeneous system. First, two coupled transport equations for gluons and quarks (and antiquarks) are derived within the diffusion approximation of the Boltzmann equation, with only 2<-> 2 processes included in the collision term. Then, these transport equations are solved numerically in order to study the thermalization of the quark-gluon plasma. At initial time, we assume that no quarks or antiquarks are present and we choose the gluon distribution in the form f = f_0 theta (1-p/Q_s) with Q_s the saturation momentum and f_0 a constant. The subsequent evolution of systems may, or may not, lead to the formation of a (transient) Bose condensate, depending on the value of f_0. In fact, we observe, depending on the value of f_0, three different patterns: (a) thermalization without gluon Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) for f_0 < f_{0t}, (b) thermalization with transient BEC for f_{0t} < f_0 < f_{0c}, and (c) thermalization with BEC for f_{0c} < f_0. The values of f_{0t} and f_{0c} depend on N_f. When f_0> 1 > f_{0c}, the onset of BEC occurs at a finite time t_c ~ 1/((alpha_s f_0)^2 Q_s). We also find that quark production slows down the thermalization process: the equilibration time for N_f = 3 is typically about 5 to 6 times longer than that for N_f = 0 at the same Q_s.
2014-02-20
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